The Truth About Trash and Landfills: Exploring Our Waste Problem


In today's world, waste reduction has become an increasingly pressing issue, with overflowing landfills, plastic pollution, and environmental degradation becoming more prevalent. This is especially true since not all waste goes to the proper facility. Some ends up in the ocean, causing irreparable damage to the environment.

In the face of this challenge, innovative waste management solutions are becoming more critical than ever. Waste-to-energy plants are one such solution, offering a way to generate energy from waste materials while reducing the volume of trash that needs to be sent to landfills.

While large-scale waste management solutions are important, individuals can also play an integral role in reducing waste. A great place to start is at home, where small changes can make a big impact. From recycling and composting to reducing the number of single-use plastics we consume, there are a variety of strategies that can help people reduce waste at home.

What Happens to Your Garbage After It Leaves Your Home?

Your waste doesn't normally go straight to landfills or other waste management facilities right away. It typically gets dropped off at a transfer station first.

So, what is a transfer station?

Think of it as the bridge between your home and the final destination of your trash. It is where garbage and other waste materials will stay until long-haul trucks, barges, and trains can transport them to larger facilities.

Transfer stations are often used in areas where it is not practical to transport waste directly to a landfill, either because it is too far away or because local regulations require waste to be transported in a specific way. So instead of transporting loads little by little to landfills, local garbage operators can focus on local collection. This helps them save time and money.

Transfer stations often operate together with material recovery facilities (MRFs). These facilities sort and process recyclable materials collected from residential, commercial, and industrial sources. Their purpose is to separate different types of recyclable materials, such as plastics, paper, glass, and metal, from each other so they can be processed and sold as raw materials to manufacturers. Hazardous materials, such as batteries and household chemicals, are also separated here.

Recyclable materials are typically sorted using a combination of manual and mechanical processes. Workers may separate materials by hand or use machinery, such as conveyor belts, screens, and magnets. The sorted materials are then compressed into bales or other forms for easier transportation to recycling facilities.

MRFs are an important part of the recycling infrastructure in many communities. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills and conserve natural resources by making it possible to recycle materials that would otherwise be discarded.

How Is Trash Disposed Of?

Trash disposal is an essential part of modern life, as it helps keep our living spaces clean, hygienic, and safe. But have you ever wondered where your waste ends up after leaving your home?


A landfill is a designated piece of land where solid waste is buried in the ground. It is a common method of waste disposal in many countries around the world. Landfills are typically made up of a large excavation or pit in the ground. They are lined with a protective barrier to prevent leakage of pollutants into the surrounding soil and water sources.

As waste is deposited in the landfill, it is compacted and covered with a layer of soil or other materials to reduce odors and discourage pests. Unfortunately, landfills are quite expensive to manage. They are also bad for the environment. Although efforts have been made to make them more sustainable, they can still produce harmful methane gas and leachate as the waste breaks down.

The leachate, or liquid waste, is collected and pumped out of the landfill for treatment and disposal. Some landfills collect methane gas, treat it, and sell it. This is becoming more common in modern landfills as a way to generate renewable energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Recycling Plants

Once the materials have been sorted, they are sent to their proper recycling plants for processing. For example, paper and cardboard may be shredded and pulped, while plastics may be granulated. Metals, on the other hand, are melted down for reuse. Once the materials are prepared, they are often sold to manufacturers to make them into new products.

Recycling plants play an important role in sustainable waste management. They divert recyclable materials from landfills, conserving energy and resources while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Reusing materials instead of creating new ones also helps conserve natural resources and reduce the environmental impact of waste disposal.

Waste-to-Energy Plants

As its name implies, waste-to-energy plants burn trash to generate energy. But burning isn't exactly the most sustainable solution to waste management. That is why there are many concerns associated with it.

For starters, burning can release air pollutants and greenhouse gases, which can negatively impact the environment and public health. In fact, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ranks it lower than recycling plants on the non-hazardous waste management hierarchy.

It works by incinerating waste in a combustion chamber. The heat generated by the burning process is then used to produce steam, which generates electricity.

Some waste-to-energy plants use an advanced gasification or pyrolysis process that converts waste materials into a gas that can be burned to generate heat or electricity. This process is more efficient than traditional combustion-based processes. It can also produce valuable byproducts, such as biochar, which can be used as a soil amendment.

Composting Facilities

Composting is a natural process that breaks down organic waste, such as food waste, yard waste, and other biodegradable materials, into a nutrient-rich soil amendment called compost. This can be used to improve soil health in gardens, landscaping, and agriculture.

Composting facilities create the ideal conditions and speed up the natural process of decomposition. They are an important part of the waste management system. They help divert organic waste from landfills and reduce the amount of methane gas produced by decomposing organic matter. They also play a crucial role in creating a circular economy by turning waste into a valuable resource that can be used to improve soil health and reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers.

Six Ways to Reduce Waste at Home

Recycling is good. But why recycle when we could just avoid producing trash in the first place? That is why "reduce" is the first thing mentioned in the three Rs of waste management. So here are some ways you can reduce waste at home.

1. Reduce Food Waste

According to the United Nations, 17% of all food produced globally is lost or wasted each year. Not only is this a waste of resources, but it also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental problems. So plan meals ahead of time, shop with a list, and only buy what you need. Store food properly to extend its lifespan and use leftovers to minimize waste.

2. Use Reusable Grocery Bags

Using reusable bags is a simple and effective way to support sustainable practices and reduce waste. We all know this. That is why many people already have one or two at home. You probably have one too. But the problem is that people often forget to bring them when they go grocery shopping.

To avoid this, you can keep your reusable grocery bags in a visible place, such as by the front door. Alternatively, you can just leave them in the trunk of your car. This way, you won't forget them when you leave the house. Another neat trick is to include a reminder in your shopping list. This will help you remember to grab them before you head out to the store.

3. Avoid Single-Use Items

Single-use items have become prevalent in our modern world, from plastic bags and straws to water bottles and takeout containers. But these items have a significant impact on the environment, contributing to overflowing landfills, litter, and ocean pollution.

To avoid using disposable items, you can bring your own reusable bags, utensils, food containers, water bottles, and coffee cups whenever you go out. If you must use a straw, choose a reusable one made of metal, silicone, or glass. As much as possible, say no to disposable products like paper towels, napkins, and disposable razors. Use reusable items like cloth napkins and handkerchiefs instead.

4. Buy in Bulk

Buying food and household items in bulk can reduce the amount of packaging waste you generate. It also helps reduce the number of trips you make to the store. This not only saves time but also reduces the amount of energy and resources required for transportation. Bring your own reusable containers to the store and fill them up with the items you need.

5. Buy from Local Farmers

By buying from local farmers, you support local agriculture and promote a more sustainable food system. Local farmers often use more sustainable farming practices that are better for the environment, such as reducing pesticide use and conserving water.

Supporting local agriculture can also help reduce the environmental impact of transportation. As the food is not being transported over long distances, it doesn't need excessive packaging. It also helps reduce your carbon footprint.

6. Go Digital

Going digital can help eliminate the need for paper and other physical materials. You can make a positive impact on the environment while also enjoying the benefits of convenience, efficiency, and security.

Online bills and e-receipts don't just help you reduce paper use. They are also harder to lose, especially if you need to dispute something or make a return. Most magazines also have digital subscriptions nowadays, which you can read on your tablet or computer. Plus, they are more affordable than the hard-copy version.

How to Compost at Home

Composting is a great way to reduce household waste and produce nutrient-rich soil for your garden. Although there are plenty of composting facilities, you can compost your organic waste at home. It isn't that hard at all. There are many different composting methods, but they all follow the same basic rules.

First, you will need a compost bin. You can purchase one online or at a garden center. You can also make one yourself using wood, wire mesh, or other materials. Start by adding "brown" materials, such as dry leaves, shredded newspaper, or cardboard to your bin.

Then add "green" materials, such as food scraps and yard waste. Aim for a ratio of roughly three parts brown to one part green. Mix the materials, and add water as needed to keep the compost moist. You want the compost to be damp but not too wet.

Make sure to mix it every few days to aerate it. This helps speed up the composting process. It may take several weeks or months for your compost to be ready, depending on the method and materials you are composting. Once it is dark, crumbly, and smells earthy, it is ready to use. Spread it in your garden, use it as a potting mix, or add it to houseplants to give them nutrients.

But before you get started, keep in mind that not all organic waste can be composted. Don't put whole eggs, dairy products, excrement, and pet litter in the compost pile as they cause odors. They may even attract rodents. You should also avoid adding invasive weeds and infected plants.

There is no guarantee that weed seeds and plant disease organisms will die during the composting process. If they do survive, this will cause problems for the other plants when you spread the compost in your garden.


Waste management is a complex and multifaceted challenge that requires innovative and sustainable solutions. While landfills have been the primary method of waste disposal for many years, they aren’t  the only solution. People are coming up with more sustainable and creative ways to deal with trash.

Reducing waste is a critical issue that requires action at all levels, from individuals to large-scale waste management facilities. We can play a meaningful role in addressing this challenge by making small changes at home, such as reducing the number of single-use plastics we consume, recycling, and composting.

These actions not only help protect the environment and conserve resources, but they can also have a positive impact on our overall well-being. Although it is impossible to eliminate garbage, we should still do our part to reduce it to create a more sustainable future.

Other blog posts

Subscribe to our list for weekly discounts